44 Phonic Sounds of the English Language

Single and Multiple Phonograms: 140 Phonics Worksheets

 Deborah Perrot
 PDF
 K-2
 144

Listen to Phonic Sounds

The 44 phonic sounds of our English Language consist of:

Listening to phonic sounds is important for developing your child’s language and literacy skills. By listening & becoming familiar with them, your child will realize that letters stand for the sounds they hear in words.

For example, being able to hear the differences between “cot,” “cat,” and “cut” is necessary for learning how to spell these words.

Ask your child’s teacher what phonic sounds they are learning each week (ask the teacher to write them down for you), so you can begin to point them out in your child’s reading books or read rhymes that contain them.

There are approx 44 sounds (phonemes) in our English Language which consist of Consonant and Vowel Sounds.

There are approximately 70 ways to spell these sounds, which your child & teacher will refer to as phonograms.

It is a good idea to become familiar with the sounds of our English Language because then you will be able to help your child say & spell their phonograms correctly.

Listen to Vowel Sounds 
Listen to Consonant Sounds

Other useful phonics sounds sites: 
Library of English Sounds

Use our lesson plans to help learn the phonics sounds

Word Family Fun: 20 Short Vowel Word Family Books and Activities

 Tracy Jarboe & Stephanie Sadler
 PDF
 K-2
 193

Sometimes a single letter can represent multiple sounds. For example, notice the sound of /a/ in the following words:

cat, rake, tall, mare, alarm, mark

Also a phoneme (sound) can represent more than one grapheme (spelling). For example, notice the /f/ sound:

f (fig), ph (elephant), gh (cough)

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